Physical Examination

Apex beat: Abnormalities

 Abnormalities on palpation - ".H.I.L.T"

  • Heaving
  • Impalpable
  • Laterally displaced
  • Thrusting/ Tapping

 If it is impalpable, causes are "C.O.P.D"

  • COPD
  • Obesity
  • Pleural/ Pericardial effusion
  • Dextrocardia

 

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