ENT surgery

Tympanoplasty: Basics

 " ABCDE'S "

 

  • Age should be >10yrs when sufficient resistance develops
  • Benign (tubotympanic disease) can be corrected
  • Conductive deafness can corrected
  • Dry perforation gives best results
  • Eustachian tube should be functioning properly
  • Stapes should be mobile

 

4

Tonsillectomy: Contraindications

"A,B,C,D,E

  • Active infection
  • Bleeding/ clotting disorders
  • Cervical spondylosis
  • Diphtheritic tonsillitis
  • Endemic of polio
  • Failure in controlling systemic diseases like hypertension, diabetes, bronchial asthma, LRTI, etc.
4

Neoplasms of larynx: Causes

 "TARGET"

  • Tobacco (Carcinogens: Benzopyrine)
  • Alcohol: synergistic with tobacco (Commonly in supraglottic ca.)
  • Radiation
  • Genetic- familial tendency
  • Environmental/ occupational- asbestos, petroleum, mustard gas, etc.
  • Tumors: Solitary papilloma, leucoplakia, erythroplakia, etc.

 

 

 

4

Complications of Tonsillitis

"Twilight IS A Really Odd Name"

 

  • T - Tonsillitis (Chronic Tonsillitis)
  • I -  Infection (of middle ear cleft)
  • S - Septicaemia
  • A - Abscess
  • R - Rheumatism
  • O - Oedema (of the larynx)
  • N - Nephritis

 

 

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