Digestive system

Causes of right lower quadrant pain

" APPENDICITIS "

  • Appendicitis/ Abscess
  • PID/ Period
  • Pancreatitis
  • Ectopic/ Endometriosis
  • Neoplasia
  • Diverticulitis
  • Intussusception
  • Crohns Disease/ Cyst (ovarian)
  • IBD
  • Torsion (ovary)
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome

0

Hepatic encephalopathy: Precipitating factors

 " HEPATICS "

  • Hemorrhage in GIT/ Hyperkalemia
  • Excess protein in diet
  • Paracentesis
  • Acidosis/ Anemia
  • Trauma 
  • Infection
  • Colon surgery
  • Sedatives

 

5

Congenital Hyperbilirubinemia & Syndromes

Congenital Hyperbilirubinemias and the associated syndromes are given below. 

 

Conjugated Hyperbilirubinemia 

Think: "CD ROM"

Conjugated: Dubin-Johnson syndrome & Rotor syndrome

 

Unconjuagted Hyperbilirubinemia

Think: "'Use CNG"

Unconjugted: Crigler-Najjar syndrome & Gilbert's syndrome

5

Serum Bilirubin: Normal range

" BIlirubin "

 

Think BI; B=2 and I=1

 

Thus, the normal value lies between 0.2-1 mg/dL.

 

 

 

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