Cardiology

Structures forming borders of Heart in Xray

Left border of Heart is formed by:

"A.M.L"

  • Aortic arch
  • Main pulmonary artery
  • Left pulmonary artery, Left atrial appendage, Left ventricle

 

 

Right border of Heart is formed by:

"S.I.R"

  • SVC
  • IVC
  • Right Atrium

 

5

Raised JVP: Extra-cardiac causes

 " FAT PEA  "

 

  • Fever
  • Anemia
  • Thyrotoxicosis
  • Pregnancy
  • Exercise
  • A-V fistula

 These are in addition to all the cardiac causes mentioned earlier (pericardial effusion, RHF, tricuspid stenosis, SVC obstruction, etc).

4

Manifestations of carotid occlusive disease

 "STAAR"

  • Stroke
  • Transient cerebral ischaemic attacks
  • Assymetrical diabetic retinopathy
  • Amaurosis fugax
  • Retinal artery occlusion

 

5

Cardiovascular disease: Risk factors (Framingham)

" FRAMINGHAM "

 

  • Family history
  • Running (exercise)
  • Adiposity (obesity)
  • Marlboro (tobacco)
  • Insulin resistance (diabetes)
  • Non-regulated lipids (dyslipidaemia)
  • Georgie Pie (high fat diet)
  • Hypertension
  • Age
  • Male

 

3
Syndicate content

about                    contact us              disclaimer             faqs                    privacy           LifeHugger © 2008-2017